How to Plant Asparagus. But be prepared, this is no ordinary vegetable crop. Planting asparagus seeds is an exercise in patience, but one of the most rewarding of all garden tasks. Set the crown on top of … If your asparagus bed does become infected by disease organisms, your best option is to start a new bed in a distant part of the garden, using newly purchased or grown plants. Asparagus crowns (the root system of a young asparagus plant used to start new plants) can be ordered by mail in late winter. Once your rows are level with the soil line, lay down a layer of mulch to retain soil moisture and prevent weeds. Dig a trench a foot deep and 18 inches wide. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Last Updated: October 2, 2020 You can buy sphagnum moss at a nursery or online. Some varieties of asparagus, such as Jersey Knight and Jersey Giant, produce all male or primarily male plants, so they’re more productive — male plants yield more harvestable shoots because they don’t have to invest energy in producing seeds. wikiHow's. Transplant seedlings or plants into the garden after the last frost. Seed-grown plants don't suffer from transplant trauma like nursery-grown roots, and you can buy a whole packet of seed for the same price you'll pay for one asparagus crown. After removing any visible weeds, apply mulch to smother any remaining weeds, which compete with the young spears and reduce yields. Dig a hole about six inches deep, place crowns in the bottom of the hole, and spread roots out evenly. There’s no trick to growing asparagus from seeds, just be patient. Asparagus has a colorful history and seductive personality. Work 3" of composted manure and other organic amendments into the top 15" of the bed. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. In northern climates, start seedlings indoors in late February or early March. You should plant the seeds at a depth of around a half inch. It’s best to buy the crowns immediately before you plan to plant. In two years, you'll be able to harvest some of the tender shoots and start enjoying the fruits of your labor. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. (Ardent asparagus lovers recommend tripling these quantities.). To plant, dig a trench 30cm (12in) wide and 20cm (8in) deep. You need to have a garden bed all ready. However the grower’s patience is generously rewarded by early season harvests of asparagus with a flavour you will not find on store shelves anywhere. Best results come from planting one-year old crowns. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. How to plant asparagus crowns Plant your crowns as soon as possible after delivery. You may be able to find more information about this and similar content at piano.io, 25 Hard-to-Kill Indoor Plants Anyone Can Own, What You Need to Know About Collagen Supplements, How to Keep Your Christmas Cactus Blooming, 30 Fall Flowers That'll Spruce Up Your Garden. We planted ‘Argenteuil’ a French heirloom variety. How to grow asparagus – planting asparagus Asparagus can be raised from seed, but the most reliable method is to plant one-year-old dormant plants called ‘crowns’ in March. If you are digging more than one trench, space them at least 3 feet (0.91 m) apart. Growing your own asparagus is so worthwhile. They need to be set someplace warm — warmer soil temperatures can help speed up germination time. Combine your compost, fertilizer, or other organic matter, and create mounds with it about 18 inches apart. Soak the crowns in compost tea for 20 minutes before planting… With an all-male variety, 25 plants are usually adequate for a household of four; double that amount for standard varieties. In the spring, dig a trench about 12 inches deep and 12 inches wide. When building an asparagus bed, keep in mind that growing asparagus roots need a thick layer of soil protection from the elements and the hazards of cultivation. There are 10 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Once you’ve got sprouts, they should be able to push through the soil that you've added. Asparagus seeds require three years to grow before they are ready to be harvested. Next, place crowns at the bottom of the trench, water in, and cover with about 2″ of topsoil. It’s not hard to grow asparagus from seed; it just adds an extra year onto the wait period until you can begin to harvest. % of people told us that this article helped them. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Fertilize in spring and fall by top-dressing with liquid fertilizer (such as compost tea) or side-dressing with a balanced fertilizer. Asparagus plants can produce harvests for up to 30 years (or more), so choose a spot where the plants can be left undisturbed and will be out of your way. Amid the current public health and economic crises, when the world is shifting dramatically and we are all learning and adapting to changes in daily life, people need wikiHow more than ever. A perennial crop, established asparagus plants will provide an annual crop of tasty spears for up to 20 years. If you don’t have compost, you can use manure or soil mix. As shoots begin to appear, add more soil until the trench has been filled back up, level with the soil surface. Continue adding soil periodically until it is slightly mounded above surface level to allow for settling. It can tolerate some shade, but full sun produces more vigorous plants and helps minimize disease. It’s best to do this prep work in the fall (digging and adding mature compost) so you can get the crowns in the ground as soon as they arrive. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. If young spears turn brown and become soft or withered, they may have been injured by frost. If you want to grow white asparagus, which has a slightly milder flavor than green asparagus, blanch the spears by heaping up soil or mulch over the bed before they emerge. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. Why trust us? The following spring, transplant the males to the permanent bed. One-year crowns are usually better than two-year crowns, because they don’t suffer as much from the shock of transplanting. During their first season the seeds germinate and sprout, and after that they need two years to establish their long, spongy roots deep into the soil Leave a distance of 4 feet, center to center, between the trenches, if planting more than one row of asparagus. Rock phosphate is a good addition to the mineral mix. These methods also control the 12-spotted asparagus beetle, which is reddish brown with six black spots on each wing cover. One-year-old crowns or plants are preferred. Because asparagus enjoys really good drainage, it’s best planted in trenches of around 20cm (10") deep by 30cm (12") wide. Plant asparagus seeds or crowns in the garden in early spring as soon as the soil is workable. Water regularly during the first two years after planting. Soil temperatures for seed germination should be between 70-85 degrees F. (21-29 C.). By using our site, you agree to our. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 7,525 times. Once the danger of frost passes, plant the seedlings (which should be about 1 foot tall) 2 to 3 inches deep in a nursery bed. When the seeds sprout, lower the temperature to 60 to 70ºF. First, soak the asparagus seeds overnight. Because it can grow very tall, many gardeners plant it on the north or west side of the garden where it will not shade other vegetables. It’s recommended that you start asparagus seeds indoors or in a greenhouse in mid-February to May under bright lighting. The first and most appropriate way is to dig a trench 12 inches deep. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Dig a shallower trench in clay soil, about 6 inches (15 cm) deep. How to Plant Asparagus. Spring is the right time to plant asparagus roots so that they have a lot of time to establish themselves before winter comes. Plant them immediately if possible; otherwise, wrap them in slightly damp sphagnum moss until you are ready to plant. The top of the crown should be approximately 6\" below the soil surface. Mix in generous amounts of compost to the soil and in your planting trench. Planting Asparagus In The Fall. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Your support helps wikiHow to create more in-depth illustrated articles and videos and to share our trusted brand of instructional content with millions of people all over the world. With 16 inch spacing, this would take a little over 33 feet. Grow plants in a block of two or more rows spaced 3 feet (.9 meters) to 4 feet (1.2 meters) apart. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. In early spring, harvest spears every third day or so; as the weather warms, you might have to pick your asparagus twice a day to keep up with production. In spring, dig 6- to 8-inch deep rows and plant asparagus 12 to 18 inches apart. During the third season, pick the spears over a four-week period, and by the fourth year, extend your harvest to eight weeks. You can start harvesting when the plants … We may earn commission from links on this page, but we only recommend products we back. Plant asparagus crowns in a trench dug approximately 16 inches (40cm) wide and 6 inches (15cm) deep, and then space individual crowns 9 inches (23cm) to 18 inches (45.7cm) apart in the trench. Start by digging a trench that’s about 10 inches wide and 10 inches deep. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Your current garden is reflecting your aesthetic feeling, creativity and your passion to the greens. Now, here's everything you need to know about growing asparagus, whether you start from seed or spear. Soak the crowns in compost tea for 20 minutes before planting. Buy one-year-old crowns from a reputable nursery that sells fresh, firm, disease-free roots. It is quite easy to have a very small piece of land from the backyard, yard or from the terrace dedicated intended for gardening. On average, ten healthy asparagus plants will produce about 4 pounds of spears, starting after the 4th year of growing. Weed out all female plants. Healthy asparagus foliage is necessary for good root and spear production. You can buy sphagnum moss at a nursery or online. Leave winter-killed foliage, along with straw or other light mulch, on the bed to provide winter protection. The red berries can fall into the container and grow weeds which are not necessary to the asparagus plant. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. https://www.goodhousekeeping.com/home/gardening/a20705621/how-to-grow-asparagus/, https://www.canr.msu.edu/resources/growing_asparagus_at_home, https://www.gardeners.com/how-to/growing-asparagus/7343.html, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. When planting asparagus, soil preparation is very important. How to Plant Asparagus Plant crowns deeply to protect them from the cultivation needed for annual weed control. If you want 10 pounds of asparagus per year, you would need about 25 asparagus plants. Don’t harvest asparagus in the first year of growth. Asparagus is best planted using crowns, not seed. The soil temperature should be 50°F (10°C) or warmer. Start seed indoors 12 to 14 weeks before the last frost. Consider the plant’s beauty. Place the crowns in the trenches 1½ to 2 feet apart; top them with 2 to 3 inches of soil. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. This article has been viewed 7,525 times. Typically the natural instinct helps to keep the actual garden ideas streaming in. Sow single seeds in newspaper pots, place the pots in a sunny window, and use bottom heat to maintain the temperature of the mix in the pots at 77ºF. Asparagus does best in lighter soils that warm up quickly in spring and drain well; standing water will quickly rot the roots. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Starting asparagus from one-year-old crowns gives you a year’s head start over seed-grown plants. Planting asparagus is best done using the trench method. 6 Things You Need to Know Before Growing Broccoli, The Secret to Growing the Most Flavorful Eggplants, Follow This 6-Step Guide to Grow the Best Tomatoes. Asparagus grows best in full sun and in loose, well-drained soil. Stick to an all-male asparagus variety if high yield is your main goal. While you might think that two-year-old crowns are a better option, they tend to suffer more from transplant shock and won’t produce any faster than one-year-old crowns. Buy asparagus crowns in spring. To plant asparagus crowns, dig trenches 12 inches wide and 6 inches deep (8 inches in sandy soil) down the center of the prepared bed. When tiny flowers appear, observe them with a magnifying glass. Both male and female plants are grown the same. Water the asparagus often, especially in the first three years of growth. Dig trenches that are about 6 inches wide and 6-12 inches deep. Planting asparagus crowns in the fall is the same as spring planting, but be sure to mulch new fall plantings with a few inches of well-rotted manure to protect them from winter weather as they get established. You may want to nick or sand the seedcoat in order to get them to germinate faster. Prepare a planting bed for your asparagus —simple raised beds work best — that's about 4 feet wide by removing all perennial weeds and roots, and digging in aged manure or compost. It takes patience to start your asparagus patch from seed, but there are advantages to gain from the extra wait. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website.