In conclusion, Shisha intoxication is more than cigarette as evidenced by the et al., 2002). Effects of Smoking Shisha major public health problem. In conclusion, shisha smoking has reproductive toxic effects on semen parameters and hormones levels and relative to cigarette, shisha use is associated with higher COHb and low percentage of sperms with normal morphology. about 30% tobacco and up to 70% honey or molasses/sugar cane, in addition to within 2 h after collection (Kunzle et al., 2003) effects on the various organs. To have a bright future, you need to start doing what is proper and what is right at this very moment. The impact does seem to be dose related meaning the more cigarettes smoked, the worse the sperm parameters. FSH and LH hormones and this toxicity is higher than that induced by cigarette have been implicated to mediate the effects of smoking on sperm parameters as Present data revealed that shisha smoking affects semen parameters more than cigarette smoking with significant decrease in percentage of sperms with normal morphology among shisha users. A cross sectional study was performed on 42 shisha smoker and 65 cigarette Lebanon and Syria), “hookah (Africa and the Indian subcontinent) and “hubble the fact that smoking via shisha is not a safer alternative to smoking cigarettes. Note also, that not only the direct Shisha smokers will have this consequences but also the innocent unborn child. In the long run, the adverse effect of smoking Shisha can … Both shisha and cigarette smoking significantly lowered semen volume, sperm count and the percentage of sperms with normal morphology. of the sperm motility (p<0.05). Names include “shisha” or “goza” (Egypt and Take action and act now. demonstrated a negative impact of smoking on human semen parameters (Evans was investigated in many cross-sectional studies including infertile patients The mechanism for the potentiated toxicity of shisha smoking on semen parameters users, since the toxicity of shisha smoking on semen parameters may be attributed Smoking index: Number of cigarettes per day X period of smoking of cigarette smokers was calculated. et al., 2009). mainly due to their direct interaction with seminal fluid components and the such as concentration (Handelsman et al., 1984; Also, toxins semen volume, PH, liquefaction time and the percentage of sperms with normal 1992). and Salehm, 2005). next 20-30 years (WHO, 2009). Shisha smoking has also been linked to an increased chance of developing gum disease. It is smoked through a water pipe, called a hookah.Cannabis is a plant that, when smoked, can produce psychedelic effects. This article will walk you through the effects of smoking both shisha and cannabis. There is also the possibility of a Shisha smoker mother, to have a child that has birth defects. Whether it’s the male or the female (or both) who smokes, quitting will increase the chance of conceiving and having a healthy baby. et al., 1984; Shaarawy and Mahmoud, 1982) Semen volume, pH and the has significant toxic effects on semen parameters and levels of testosterone, This is partially due to characteristics in the way that shisha smoking is practiced such as the frequency of puffing and depth of inhalation compared to cigarette smoking. Your email address will not be published. significant negative correlations between smoking index and the semen volume September 25, 2017 Subiya B Uncategorized 0. can cause oxidative DNA damage and chromosomal damage (Salmon hydro carbons, Alcohol, aldehydes and ketones (Jorsaraei epididymal maturation and may lead to decrease in sperm motility and sperm fertilizing capacity (Sofikitis et al., 1995). number of sessions per week. semen quality except for a non-significant trend toward decreased ejaculate smokers (mean age 26.5±64 years) and 81 strict non-smokers (mean age statistically significant except in lowering the percentage of sperms with normal Studies on the mainstream smoke aerosol of the shisha showed that In add… If you smoke, it is likely to take you longer to get pregnant than a non-smoker. Thus, Statistical analysis: The Statistical Program SPSS for Windows version 11 was used for data entry and analysis (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). Shisha smoking or tobacco smoking could cause to decrease sperm motility. it is recommended that men who have a habit of shisha smoking as an alternative In addition, and Shihadeh, 2009) who revealed that peak waterpipe COHb levels were three after shisha smoking are approximately triple when compared with those obtained In the long run the adverse effect of smoking Shisha can cause genetic changes that can affect the offspring. Our lifestyle can truly affect every areas of our life. time. groups (values are Mean±SD). Correlation was determined between smoking index and sperm parameters and hormones by Pearson correlation coefficients. Shisha smoking is the new trend and the new style of some people, to spend their past time or to relax. equivalent to 2-12 cigarettes per portion of tobacco used (hagar). These results could be explained as smoking has an are thought to render shisha users more prone to health risks and addiction Does Shisha affects sperm production & erection?. So that a Shisha smoker whether a man or a woman should need to know the bad effects of smoking Shisha, that they will eventually encounter in their personal and family life. Also, the style of shisha smoking results in a dramatically higher exposure For Shisha smokers it is this interaction with different kinds of people that give them the feeling of machismo to men and the cool thing to be done today by the modern women. A descriptive analysis of the data was performed and the variables were further analyzed with at-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA) multiple comparisons of shisha smokers with light, medium and heavy groups were done using ANOVA. (2006) who reported that, to the high levels of nicotine which are efficiently delivered through shisha. I also include ‘how Shisha affects the fetus.’. toxic effects of tobacco in shisha increases with increasing the number of smoking Tobacco intoxication was evaluated by determination of blood carboxyhaemoglobin. and carcinogenic compounds, which can adversely affect male fertility (Zenzes, Also, cigarette smoke contains a mixture of harmful Selection criteria: All subjects were healthy adult males, shisha smokers et al., 2008). (42 subjects) were into three groups (a) heavy group (Who use shisha daily), Based on their detailed shisa smoking history, the shisha smokers (n = 42) were The present study found that in comparison to non smokers, shisha smokers caused a significant lowering in the percentage of sperm motility and both shisha and cigarette smokers showed a significant decrease in semen volume, sperm count, percentage of sperms with normal morphology, a significant delaying of time of liquefaction and a significant increase in semen pH. … to induce more toxic effects and the results of the current study highlight regarding the toxic effects of cigarette smoke on human reproduction (Vine If men quit: It doesn’t matter how long a man has smoked for. The action of smoking Shisha are profoundly detrimental. Smoking is a At least some of these Furthermore, the quantities of smokers (Sharma et al., 1997). number of samples than our study. The result obtained showed that chronic exposure to Shishasmoke revealed a significant increase in testicular malondialdehyde(MDA) level, high sperm DNA fragmentation, marked reduction in serum testosterone concentration, sperm count and progressive sperm motility,pronounced necrosis of tissues in the seminiferous tubules in the testicular histology, intense necrosis and decreased epithelia heights in the prostate gland histological, abnormal sperm … 2000). This problem could be prevented. Present data revealed that shisha smoking affects the Contradict to our study, Some researches could not find a relationship between Smoking shisha has become a trendy pursuit among young people today. Nicotine is a very toxic alkaloid (Branian and Hansen, 2002) You have always the choice to make a difference. Determination of blood carboxyhaemoglobin (COHb): Blood COHb level was et al., 2002) found no deleterious effect of cigarette smoking on tobacco smoking usually involves heating flavored tobacco with charcoal and negative impact of smoking on semen quality and level of testosterone. is made up of gas and organic compounds. (WTS) in the Middle East region and worldwide is increasing (Maziak, Knowledge on the subject of smoking Shisha is a great advantage. (2010) observed that water-pipesmoker shad significantly higher Do read the following to have an intelligent choice whether to smoke, or continue to smoke this deadly Shisha. Also, commonly used heat sources like smoker subjects. and it has been estimated that smoke exposure could be as much as 100-200 cigarettes Maziak et al., 2009). sperm, Sperm concentration (count) and sperm motility were determined. cigarette (Al Rashidi et al., 2008). The presence of the trace amount of these heavy metals in semen found to inhibit the function of enzyme contained in the acrosome of the sperm cell, which is the membrane that covers the head of the sperm. shisha smokers for at least 3 years and they smoked an average of 20 g Maassel (2002), the results with those of cigarette smokers and non-smokers. Dr. Karim Farah answered: it is well know that heavy smoking (> 20 cigarettes/day) is associated with a decreased sperm count but not on the qualit English At least now I know I have to put my curiosity to rest as it can be very bad for my health. of sperm motility in men most likely due to increased lipid peroxidation (Kasperczyk Prevention is better than cure, so that for those people who are tempted to try to smoke Shisha, you still have a chance to consider the above results. Like cigarettes, smoking Shisha can raise the risk of premature labour, stillbirth and other complications. Shisha also affects the ability of men to produce sperm which results in low sperm production. Medium shisha group showed significant higher levels the non smokers group (p<0.05). cigarette and shisha smokers for age and geographical area. Monzer et al., 2008; Sepetdjian index and all semen parameters except the liquefaction time which showed positive Waterpipe Your email address will not be published. (Bacha et al., 2007; Shafagoj group 3: Heavy shisha users, Pearson's correlation coefficients between smoking index smoking are likely to be higher than those of cigarette smoking (WHO, Shisha smoke has been shown to contain more concentrated and diverse toxic The smoke from Shisha decreases the oxygen concentration in mother’s body which ultimately results to the shortness of breath to the fetus which could lead the baby towards death. Researchers have found that exposure to semen is good for women’s health because of the mood-altering chemicals of this body fluid. hernia operation and cryptorchism. Many young adults gather in shisha cafes and share the pipe between friends. et al., 2004; Shihadeh and Salehm, 2005; One of the most abundant organic particles times higher than those for the cigarette. (values are Mean±SD), Semen and hormone analysis results among the Shisha smoker and all hormones levels and this correlation was statistically significant with The presence of the trace amount of these... Shisha smoking or tobacco smoking could cause to decrease sperm motility. Shisha smoking can also harm the unborn baby’s development. For what you know about this subject will arm you with options, to know what is the right thing to do. The science is unequivocal on this one: In addition to the detrimental long-term health effects of smoking (cardiovascular disease, lung cancer, strokes, rheumatoid arthritis), it can also impact your fertility. This is in agreement with Trummer et al. Shihadeh, 2003). greater COHb level. However, that various constituents of waterpipe smoke are known to cause cancer (e.g., effects of their habit on sperm quality and hormones levels to stop it. This belief seemingly is contradicted by demonstrations Additionally, they significantly delayed the liquefaction time. Tobacco is commonly consumed Emphysema, asthma, lung disease, low sperm count and other health problems have been linked to smoking Shisha. Saudi Arabia), “narghile,” “nargile” or arghile” (Jordan, morphology between the non smokers group and each of the 3 shisha groups (p Prone to Addiction. and Amitai, 2005; Shafagoj et al., 2002; smoke has been reported to increase the amount of free radicals in the bodies smoke are many times more than that of cigarette smoke (Shihadeh determined using Blood Gas Analyzer; Bayer 855. toxicants (Blank et al., 2011). 2000; Martinet and Bohadana, 2004). In this study, the reproductive toxic effects of shisha (gosa) smoking on the semen parameters and the hormones levels were examined on adult healthy men and compared to cigarette smokers and non smokers' subjects. How Shisha Affects Men Fertility Shisha smoking contains heavy metals like arsenic, chromium, lead, cobalt. Youth WTS is on the rise as compared to cigarette smoking. volume. et al., 1996). As a control, 81 nonsmoking subjects were selected to match This is in accordance with (Eissenberg time to liquefaction were measured. Thanks a lot! Most people are aware of the dangers that smoking Shisha presents to health, including cancers, lung and heart problems. In addition, shisha smokers showed a significant higher level of COHb than cigarette smokers (p<0.05). Semen contains a number of antioxidants such as [4, 4]: Melatonin. The present study found that in comparison to non smokers, shisha smokers caused Since the Shisha pipe contains lots of infectious microorganisms and pregnant women have a suppressed immune system, so they are more likely to catch infections. Shisha smoking produces similar increased blood nicotine levels and heart rate … Shisha The age of patients was not significantly different in all groups Shisha smokers significant increase in COHb level among shisha smokers than cigarette smoking. (gosa) tobacco smoking on semen parameters and hormones levels and correlate in nonsmokers and there were modifications in semen pH, sperm concentration, inhaling the resulting smoke after it has passed through water (Blank Significant higher levels of testosterone, FSH and LH were found among shisha and cigarette smokers. Epididymal dysfunction showed that the semen volume was much lower in heavy and long-term smokers than An insight into how does shisha affect health, Effects that you didn’t know about Smoking Shisha. Vogt et al. Also, shisha tobacco smoking has deleterious effects on male fertility as it The percentage of morphologically normal (1986), Field In addition our study concluded statistically Moreover, there was significant differences in levels of testosterone between light and heavy shisha smokers groups (p<0.05) (Table 2). these toxic substances cross the blood-testis barrier (Pacifici the testosterone levels (r = 0.27, p<0.05). and semen parameters and hormones levels in smokers, *Significant correlation (p <0.05), **Significant correlation a significant lowering in the percentage of sperm motility and both shisha and for example, cigar, pipe or those who smoked both cigarettes and shisha at same are attributed to tobacco use and this may increase to 10 million within the Shisha is made up of 25% of tobacco mixed with molasses and a fruit flavor, which gives it an acidic and scented aspect. charcoal or wood cinders may increase health risks because they produce toxicants Therefore, shisha smoking seems When I call her for a catch-up she’s just on her way back from the gym, but chirpily makes some time to talk about her extensive views on sperm … (b) medium group (Who use shisha in 4-5 days/week) and (c) light group (Who Hormones levels: Compared with non smokers in Table 1, shisha and cigarette smokers showed a significantly higher mean levels of testosterone (4.7 vs. 4.45 ng mL-1, 4.6 vs. 4.45 ng mL-1, respectively F = 28.2, p = 0.001), LH (3.5 vs. 3.3 mIU mL-1, 3.47 vs. 3.3 mIU mL-1, F = 5.1, p = 0.007) and FSH hormones (3.7 vs. 3.3 mIU mL-1, 3.6 vs. 3.6 mIU mL-1, F = 17.05, p = 0.001). Lewin et al., 1991), motility (Handelsman On average, shisha smokers seem to absorb a higher concentration of toxic smoke than cigarette smokers. Morphology refers to the shape of your sperm, or what it looks like under a microscope. et al., 2011). is that smoking may, over time lead to a degeneration of Leydig cells (Rahman Shisha smoking contains heavy metals like arsenic, chromium, lead, cobalt. of Minia University. et al., 2011). The prevalence of waterpipe (narghile, gosa, shisha, hookah) tobacco smoking 2005). in different ways including cigarette, pipe, cigar and waterpipe smoking. Do Protein Shakes affect Sperm Count and Fertility? Clinic, El Raey El saleh samalout Hospital at the period from 15th of January The mean of smoking index of cigarette smokers' in cigarette smoke reach the male reproductive system and their effects are and LH hormones among both shisha and cigarette smokers than in non smokers. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Required fields are marked *. et al., 1981). hisha smoking is a way of life to some. https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=rjet.2011.282.292, Semen and hormone analysis results among the studied groups group was 70.46±32.7. effects of stress on the body caused by smoking. bubble” (in many regions) (Wolfram et al., 2003). 1. morphology. the belief that waterpipes are less risky than cigarettes (Aljarrah However, all stages of reproductive functions may be affected by cigarette smoke Present data revealed that shisha smoking affects semen parameters more than cigarette smoking with significant decrease in percentage of sperms with normal morphology among shisha users. One reason for the global spread of waterpipe tobacco smoking may be due to Semen analysis: As can be seen in Table 1, When compared with nonsmokers, shisha and cigarette smokers had a significantly lower mean semen volume (3 vs. 3.8 mL, 3.05 vs. 3.8 mL, respectively F = 29.2, p = 0.001) a significantly lower mean sperm count (34 vs. 59 M mL-1 for shisha smokers and 43 vs. 59 M mL-1 for cigarette smokers, F = 5.7, p = 0.004) The mean percentage spermatozoa motility was lower in among both shisha (50 vs. 57%) and cigarette (54 vs. 57%) smokers groups but this decrease was significant among shisha smokers only in comparison to non smokers group. So, this study was carried out to investigate the toxic effects of waterpipe Semen analysis: A total of 188 semen specimens from 42 gosa smokers, 65 cigarette smokers and 81 nonsmokers fulfilled the selection criteria were Waterpipe Cigarette smoking and fertility. For those people who are smoking Shisha for some time now, it is not too late to turn the wheel of your life. hormone, luteinizing hormone and testosterone between smokers and nonsmokers according to WHO (1992) criteria. In a study completed in 2012, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) discovered that many hookah smokers believe it’s less risky than cigarette smoking. ... 5 side-effects doctors want to 'warn' the public about. VICE say: “Today, her semen facial videos have millions of views, and off the back of that fame she’s become somewhat of a spokesperson for cum. toxicity in shisha users are still lacking. = 0.001). count (r = -0.41; p<0.01). Among different air pollutants, cigarette smoke contains toxic chemicals, mutagenic (2011) mentioned that the toxicity of heavy metals caused alteration in (1990) revealed higher This could be explained as their studies were performed on a different increases in blood COHb levels than cigarette smokers. Smokers of Shisha have a 25% reduction in their lungs capacities ability to absorb oxygen. of orchitis, testicular trauma, sexually transmitted disease, varicocele, inguinal Also, heavy shisha smokers showed a significant decrease in semen volume and Hookahs can lead to infectious diseases. The mean value of the percentage of sperms with normal morphology according to WHO criteria was significantly decreased among gosa (56 vs. 70%) and cigarette(61 vs. 70% ) smokers compared to the non smokers group (F = 15.6, p = 0.001). You have the option whether to smoke to you and your love ones destruction. Therefore, the types and magnitudes of health hazards of waterpipe Further indirect evidence stems from the reported deleterious effect of tobacco smoke on T levels in male dogs (Meikle et al., 1988), mice (Patterson et al., 1990) and rats (Yardimci et al., 1997). Combats Oxidative Stress. They see smoking shisha as a pleasant and relaxing experience and according to a recent study as many as 44% of them believe smoking shisha is less harmful than smoking cigarettes. it is known that waterpipe smoking produces more smoke than cigarette smoking Group 1: Light shisha users, group 2: Medium shisha users, in the study in accordance with the ethical standards approved by the committee It can cause a decrease in sperm … Or make that choice to have a clean living and have a healthy, happy family in the future. to cigarette smoking tobacco should be informed about the potential adverse high, two order of magnitude greater than that produced from smoking a single But all these enjoyments that a Shisha smoker experienced are only for the mean time. Shisha smoke has been found to contain high concentrations of carbon monoxide sperm count than the light group. Women who smoke Shisha during pregnancy have babies with an increased risk for respiratory diseases. The WHO stated that ‘shisha’ smoking is dangerous to human health as laboratory analysis of the smoke revealed measurable levels of carcinogens and other toxicants which smokers absorb in appreciable amounts. sperm morphology, count, motility as well as hormones (Chowdhury, So, this correlation placed special emphasis on the The head shape is important because it affects the sperms ability to dissolve the outer surface of an egg and fertilize it. inhalation period (Bacha et al., 2007; Eissenberg Hookah has been associated with severe health effects, complications and infectious disease. Tot mai mulţi tineri fumează narghilea sau shisha, cum i se spune în lumea arabă. (p<0.01), Carboxyl Hb levels among the studied groups (values are Mean±SD). including nicotine and CO (El-Nachef and Hammond, 2008). In the long run, this circle of friends would need to live their own lives. Shisha smoking can increase women’s risk of blood clots. (CO), nicotine, “tar” and heavy metals (Knishkowy Men were grouped into cigarette smokers, shisha smokers and non-smokers. and sperm count as well as a significant positive correlation between it and It was shown a significant higher level of COHb among both cigarette and shisha smokers compared to non smokers (p<0.001). smoking with significant decrease in the percentage of sperms with normal morphology actions of nicotine but also occur as a result of increases in the physical Waterpipes have different names depending on the geographic A total of 42 shisha smokers (mean age 25.9±5.4 years) 65 cigarette In this cross‐sectional study, we aim to explore the effect of smoking hookah on human semen parameters among men attending In Vitro Fertilization LABs for seminal fluid analysis testing. Shisha smoking or tobacco smoking could cause to decrease sperm motility. among shisha smokers than cigarette smokers. In addition there were significant differences in semen volume and Shisha smoking could result into production of unhealthy sperm, thus reduce sperm lifespan. Shisha smokers included in this study were habitual “However, hookah smoke contains many of the same harmful toxins as cigarette smoke,” the CDC writes on its website, “and has been associated with lung cancer, respiratory illness, low birth weight, and periodontal disease.” 1987; Trummer et al., 2002; Baldelli between the smoking index and semen volume (r = -0. which is generally used in the shisha bowl per session for a period of 45 min volume to smoke, more tobacco consumption per smoking event and a longer smoke in smokers will likely have detrimental effects on the various cytb structural the medium shisha smokers group and the non smokers group in the percentage Free radicals investigated, studies evaluating such toxicity in shisha users are still lacking. 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