And, while we all know that elephants, lions, rhinos and zebras make their homes there, Africa is also home to some really amazing creatures. Guereza is a large species of monkey that have length between 21.2-28 inches and weigh up to 13.5 kg. Every continent on Earth is home to creatures that can only be found there and nowhere else. The Cape Buffalo (or African Buffalo) is a large, ox-like animal found in dense forests and open plains, usually close to water. Please list animals only in africa. Press "Opt-Out" to stop the sharing of your personal data. Okapis often travel 0.8-2.5 miles per day in searching for food. They have a body length between 25-34 inches and... 3. Also called the yellow cobra, these highly venomous species of cobra are found throughout the Western Cape, Northern Cape, Eastern Cape, Free State and North West Province in South Africa. Here is a very brief list of characteristics and introduction of grassland animals. This amazing bird can be only found in the swamps and marshes of Eastern Africa. 1. They have an acute eye-sight and are extremely gregarious, featuring the symbol of South Africa’s rugby team, ‘The Bokke.’ 10. But there are many other cool African animals you need to know about. Then make the sudden attack on them using their powerful bill. 20 Animals Only Found In Africa (And Why They're Worth A Trip) 20 The African Elephant Is The Largest Land Mammal In The World. Every continent on Earth is home to creatures that can only be found there and nowhere else. The male monkeys are larger and colorful than the females. Did you know that grasslands occupy 25% of Earth’s surface and moreover it is home to the world’s fastest animal-cheetah, largest terrestrial animal-African bush elephant, largest bird-ostrich and heaviest snake-green anaconda? Their endangered status is due to habitat loss, disease, poaching and hunting from lions and hyenas. Mandrill. Chimpanzees are found in Africa, from Guinea to western Uganda and Tanzania. With 2-5 eggs per nest, the grey-crowned cranes produce largest average clutch than most of other birds in the crane family called gruidae. Families unique to South Africa include Grubbiaceae , Bruniaceae , Lanariaceae , Roridulaceae (PlantZAfrica.com), and Geissolomataceae (Phylogeny of Angiosperms). Learn about all the amazing animals in South Africa. Hoopoe. The buffalo physically resembles the typical cow but generally has a distinct grayish black color and dangerously up-curving horns giving it a very terrifying look. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Most people imagine lions, zebras and maybe a rhino or two but what about the greater kudu, the dwarf mongoose or the African civet? Habitat loss continues to threaten them, … Dragonfly. Greater kudus are social animals. Below are 5 of what I think are the most amazing. Both species of wildebeests are only found in Africa. First evolved 100 million years ago! 2 at Google Books), William's Lark , Sharpe’s Longclaw , Hinde’s Babbler , the Taita Thrush , Clarke's Weaver , the Taita Apalis (East African), the Taita White-eye (Lars Petersson), the Kikuyu White-eye , and the Kulal White-eye (top at ResearchGate). African buffalo. Mandrills active during the daytime. The mantled guereza is among the most attractive African monkeys. Unlike the male ostriches, the female have a greyish-brown feather. Here are 12 awesome animals you have to see on your South African vacation. Africa is definitely no exception. Required fields are marked *. … They inhabit in open woodlands and green plains. This species is important in the area’s ecosystem because they help plants grow without even knowing it! Despite their large habitat, these animals are considered endangered. They also have distinctive blue colored rumps. On a single leap, galagos can reach up to a height of 2.25 meters. Lemur is an amazing primate that found only the Island of Madagascar, in the East coast of Southern Africa. Apart from the coloration and size, the long canine teeth is the another great thing about mandrill monkeys. It is the second-largest crocodile species: only Australia’s saltwater crocodile is bigger! Africa is home to the largest land animal (African elephant) and tallest animal (giraffe) in the world. What kind of animals live in Africa? It grows up to a length of 2.5 inches. African grey parrot. Cheetahs could be once found throughout Africa and Asia but being illegal hunted has significantly reduced their population Now they can only found in small numbers in parts of eastern, central and south-western Africa and a small portion of Asia. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Mandrills are the largest species of monkeys in the world. Here are some of the animals native to South Africa. what animal is only found in africa? Climate+ packages plant trees to offset your daily pleasures like extra-steamy showers, avocado toast, and weekend getaways. The diet of lemurs consists of fruits, nuts, leaves and flowers. African continent support a rich wildlife across its deserts, savannas, huge valleys and forests. Lv 7. 1 decade ago. Firstly, there are the ‘ Big Five ’: elephant, buffalo, leopard, lion and the rhino. They have a length between 2-2.7 meters and weigh... 8 Okapi. Ostriches used their legs as the main weapon to defend against the potential predators like lion, leopards, cheetahs, and hyenas. They feed on mainly fruit (including bananas, pawpaw and wild figs), but also leaves, buds, flowers, bark, resin, honey, ants, termites and, rarely, birds eggs and chicks. They have been known to jump an incredible 50 feet into the air! Mantled guerezas also known as guereza or black and white colobus. With powerful long legs, ostriches can reach up to a maximum speed of 43 miles per hour. There are 30 different known species of lemurs in total and all are endemic to Madagascar. Designed in Canada, ethically made in China. They have striking glossy, black and white fur and impressively long tail. They also have attractive bright red pouch below their beak. There are some most impressive South Africa animals! Photo: Shutterstock. Lemurs are social animals and live in groups. They come together only to breed. The flightless ostriches are the largest bird in the world. The Cape Clawless Otter is larger than the only other species which occurs in southern Africa, the Spotted-Necked Otter. They also swallow pebbles and small stones to grind up the food in stomach. The Wise Wolf. Giraffes are unmistakably the tallest living terrestrial animal in existence and the largest known ruminant. Unlike other primates, galagos have an additional tongue that hidden under the main tongue. The African wild dog is an endangered species and is found mainly in the Kruger National Park and surrounding areas. Galagos mainly feed on tree gums, fruits and insects. Top 10 Amazing Animals Found only in Africa 10 Greater Kudu. Here the list of 10 amazing animals found only in North America. They are also accompanied by thousands of zebras and gazelles. Recycling, but fashionable. Okapi is one of the most endangered animals of Africa. Greater Kudu The Greater kudu is an amazing antelope that native to Eastern and Southern Africa. Fish The only place where shoals of fresh water sardines are found is in Lake Tanganyika. Via World Wildlife. Both male and female wildebeests have horns. Hawaiian monk seal is one of the most endangered marine species in the world. Relevance. They have a length between 2-2.7 meters and weigh up to 160 kg. The specialty of some animals is they are found only in a particular region and nowhere else in the world. Although research into the flora of the Horn of Africa is still ongoing, the best possible estimates are that there are about 5,000 species of vascular plants in the region, just over half of which—about 2,750 species —are endemic. These little bushbucks are part of a sub-species found only in the Ethiopian highlands, and are very shy around humans. They have cheek pouches to store the food they collect. Africa is home to the largest land animals including elephants, lions, and giraffes among others. #15 - Addax Ostriches are found in savannas and desert lands of Central and Southern Africa. It's larvae are carnivorous! The shoebill is one of the most strange looking birds in the world. Destruction and degradation of natural habitats due to logging, agriculture and mining. North African Elephant (extinct by 300 CE) This sub-species of African Bush Elephant was used in war by the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt and the Roman Empire. ©2020 tentree. Interesting Facts About Lemur Most lemurs are arboreal, which means they spend most on time in dwelling on trees. Here the list of 10 amazing animals found only in Africa. But the species has disappeared from 94 percent of its historic range and can only be found today in parts of sub-Saharan Africa. 10 Hawaiian Monk Seal. Change color to METEORITE BLACK COAL GREY. The large, strong brown bill of shoebills ends with nail-like hooks. Their legs are powerful enough to kill a human with a single kick. The thick fur of galagos comes in brown or grey in color. Aardwolf. African hare. A badly crushed and distorted cranium found at Lomekwi on the western shore of Lake Turkana in northern Kenya in 1998 was assigned to a new genus and species, “human from Kenya,” Kenyanthropus platyops (3.5 mya). Thier coat is reddish-brown and has zebra-like stripes on hind limbs and front legs. Meet 10 Amazing Animals Found Only In Africa 1. The African Penguin. The conservancy is located in northern Kenya, with over 62,000 acres of protected land and is home to tons of animals, including the species on this top ten list. Greater kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros) This larger species of antelope mainly feed on leaves, grasses, fruits and flowers. Lemur use high pitched calls and scent markings to communicate with each other. What are the best apartment dogs? Most dangerous animals in Africa. All prices are in US dollars, orders are processed & shipped directly from the United States. Fight the cold weather with our cozy, soft winter scarves. They dance, jump and produce interesting calls to attract the mate. They often build nests in trees to avoid predators. It too is associated with woodland fauna. It looks like you're trying to access our US store from another country, 100% Organic Cotton The soft and smooth feather of adult male ostriches come in black color and their tail is white. They inhabit in deciduous and evergreen forests of West-central and East Africa. We will only share anonymized statistical data about our users' browsing actions and patterns from the sites which cannot be used to identify any individual. Africa is home to the Big Five, which consists of the Lion, Leopard, Rhinoceros, Elephant, and the Cape Buffalo. Aardvark. The ecoregion is home to the endangered western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla), the endangered eastern lowland gorilla (Gorilla berengei graueri), African forest elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis), and okapi (Okapia johnstoni). Only less than 1100 seals of this species left today. Spotted Hyena. Their horns can grow over a length of 1 meter with 2 and 1/2 twists. But it's only in Africa can differe When you refer to large animals in Africa, however, you’re excluding the marine ones, which can grow even bigger (but which are lately even more vulnerable to extinction at human hands). The neck of ostriches is long and bare. The African buffalo has a reputation for being one of the most stubborn animals found in Kenya. Oversized blanket scarf, Nordic-inspired jacquard design, Dimensions: 66" x 45", fringed edge White Rhinoceros. The Grey Crowned Crane is a large, beautiful bird that lives in the wetlands of Africa. Lola konavoka is a new species that's already considered endangered. These monkeys active during the day but spend the most time on trees. 100% Organic Cotton Main Threats to wild chimpanzee populations: Poaching is the major threat to the survival of this species. TREEt yourself! At 15 cm in length, Ostriches lays the largest eggs in the world. The diet of shoebills mainly consists of lizards, turtles, water-snakes and rats. In the wild, greater kudus live up to 7 years and in captivity, they can live over 20 years. Wash cold, hang dry Earth Rangers has teamed up with Lewa Wildlife Conservancy to shine a spotlight on some of the lesser-known animals that live in Africa. Here the list of 10 amazing animals found only in North America. tall at the shoulder. 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Over 850 species of birds live in South Africa, some can only be found here. Greater kudu is an amazing antelope that native to Eastern and Southern Africa. December 7, 2019, 1:25 pm. This African green parrot is found only in Mauritius, but habitat loss and invasive species through the 20th century led to the echo parakeet becoming critically endangered. The Blue Crane is the South African national bird. Mandrills are definitely among the most colorful monkeys in the world. The Karoo in South Africa: this endemic species is only found along rivers in Nama and Succulent Karoo areas, in the Central and Small Karoo, of South Africa. The Klipspringer is a small species of antelope that makes its home in rugged terrain. Male model is 5'8.5", Chest 38, Waist 29, Inseam 33, wearing size M. The attractive long nose of mandrills features a red stripe. Learn how your comment data is processed. Insect biodiversity in rainforests is staggering and includes leafcutter ants. The migratory group consist of 1.2-1.5 million wildebeests. Seven of these species are found only … Lemur. They are the only antelope species that walks on the tips of their hooves. Nigerian Born Charles Osuji Among Top 25 Most Influential Canadian Lawyers 2020, Togolese-American Scholar in Yale Receives 3 National Fellowships for Dissertation Research, Babatunde Olatunji: The Nigerian Drummer Who Set The Beat For US Civil Rights, The Untold History Of African Kings Who Ruled India, Did You Know? Learn about all the amazing animals in South Africa. The nocturnal galagos spend most of the time on trees. – Advertisment – Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Cheetahs do not roar but purr like domestic cats. Named the goliath frog, their body can be one-foot long. There are strong concentrations of endemic species in northern Somalia and in the Socotra Archipelago. They spend all of their time in trees and travel from tree to tree by jumping from branch to branch. Between May and June, when food sources become scarce, the wildebeests migrate towards North. Antelopes are herbivores (plant eaters), and many species live in large herds. They also have distinctive white band between the eyes. At tentree, we empower everyone to plant trees with their purchases, while offering sustainably made products for everyone to enjoy. Of the 697 bird species regularly recorded in the hotspot, 24 are endemic. 2. This monkey species lives in the forests of Africa. One of the most solitary birds in the world. Among the typical African bird species that can be seen in South Africa are the ostrich, kingfishers, sunbirds and the crane. Animals. Once found in most regions of the globe, these ancient saber-toothed cats went extinct in Egypt by 10,000 BCE. The term was coined last century as these five animals were the most difficult to be hunted on foot. When the infamous Roman conqueror Hannibal crossed the Alps, he did so on the back of a North African Elephant. The mass varies from 1.5 - 2.5 kg. #1 Dog for Apartment: Affenpinscher AKC Dog Personality Description for Affenpinscher: Confident, Famously Funny, […] They are named after their enormous shoe-like bill which can grow up to a length of 9 inches. They live in rainforest and savannah. The male kudos only join in the groups during mating season. The elastic joints on their legs let them to easily move between the branches. ... Found in a vairety of African habitats! Galagos are also known as bushbabies, a small primate which has a length between 6-8 inches and weigh up to 10 oz. 9 Animals Found in Only One Place in the World By. Grey crowned crane is an omnivorous bird that feed on insects, lizards, grasses, seeds, fishes and amphibians. Answer Save. Safely grown, safe to wear, and soft to the touch. Here the list of 10 amazing animals found only in Africa. Greater kudus have a brown-grey coat with 5-12 vertical white stripes. Change color to COAL BLACK_ELM WHITE MARLED. Their long tongue helps them to easily strips the leaves from buds from the plants. It is the largest terrestrial mammal migration on Earth. The parrots have been brought back from the brink of extinction with various captive breeding programs, but are still extremely rare, with an estimated 750 in the wild. Representing the rich diversity of the animal planet; predators, herbivores, and omnivores at Out of Africa not only display the rhythms of Africa but beautifully manifest the colors of the animal world. The female Cape Hare is slightly larger than the male. Greater kudus are one of the longest-horned antelopes in the world. An African elephant possesses such "manual" dexterity in his/her trunk tip that he/she can actually turn the pages of a book with it. This African green parrot is found only in Mauritius, but habitat loss and invasive species through the 20th century led to the echo parakeet becoming critically endangered. Discover Congolese animals you've never heard of, and learn amazing facts about the ones you have! Interesting Facts About Mantled Guereza Mandrills live in rainforests and subtropical forests of Western-Central Africa. The African Penguin; The Cape Fur Seal; Dolphins; Southern Right Whales; The Great White Shark; Penguins of south africa - Atil. Hunting for bushmeat, the illegal pet trade, … But the species has disappeared from 94 percent of its historic range and can only be found today in parts of sub-Saharan Africa. But, their special stomach also allows them to eat older leaves and foliage that would be otherwise toxic. Australopithecus, group of extinct primates closely related to modern humans and known from fossils from eastern, north-central, and southern Africa. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Meet 10 Amazing Animals Found Only In Africa, Joshua Vs Ruiz 2 : Mike Tyson, Deontay Wilder, Lennox Lewis, Tyson Fury & Other Heavyweight Boxers Give their Thoughts on Tonight’s ‘Fight of the Year’, This Is What The Earth Might Look Like in 100 Years; If We’re Lucky – Study. 10 Animals Only Found In Ethiopia Ethiopia is one of the most unique landscapes on Earth, with lush forests, snow-capped peaks and arid deserts. credit of image : By MarkSullivan on Wikimedia Commons – Own Work, CC BY-SA 3.0 . They only found in rainforests of the Republic of Congo. for system administration and to provide you a personalized ad experience. Their diet is very diverse and they will eat insects, amphibians, fish, seeds and grass. They have attractive dense, olive green fur and grey underparts. Ostriches are omnivorous and they feed on leaves, roots, seeds, lizards, insects and snakes. Interesting Facts about Greater Kudu Greater kudu is an amazing antelope that native to Eastern and... 9 Ostrich. And, while we all know that elephants, lions, rhinos and zebras make their homes there, Africa is also home to some really amazing creatures. And, while we all know that elephants, lions, rhinos and zebras make their homes there, Africa is also home to some really amazing creatures. It is long-necked, sleek-furred and short-legged with a long, flattened but pointed-tipped tail which it uses as a rudder... [more information] Cape Hare. Top 10 Amazing Animals Found Only In Africa 10. Wildebeests are grazers and they mainly feed on short grass. 5. We may collect information about your computer, including where available your geographic location, IP address, operating system and browser type, device type, bandwidth, etc. As a member of giraffe family, okapis have long necks, not as long as giraffe’s. Renew their horns every year! Standing at a height of 1 meter and weigh over 4 kg, the grey crowned crane is a large bird that inhabit in savannahs, rivers and marshes of Eastern and Southern Africa. Frogs The world's biggest frog is found in the Cameroon. Mandrils use their huge canine teeth to threaten the predators. They are omnivorous and feed on fruits, seeds, insects, eggs and worms. Africa is definitely no exception. They are known for using tools and have ability to learn patterns. Each two-toed foot of ostriches has very sharp claws. A fully-grown giraffe can measure up to 5.5 m high. They live all across the country of Kenya and are especially found to gather in their hundreds around water bodies. Beyond offsetting carbon emissions, Climate+ rehabilitates ecosystems and provides jobs across the globe. Only found in Africa, some 150 000 chimpanzees survive in the wild. Tourists travel from the furthest areas of the world to view the animals, making them a source of pride for the continent. This endangered otter is found only in remote parts of the Amazon where it’s estimated only 2,000 to 5,000 remain. Birds found only in Kenya include Jackson's Francolin , the Brown-and-white Barbet , the Aberdare Cisticola , the Tana River Cisticola (fig. Giraffes Uganda is a unique destination offering a wonderful mix of savannah and forest parks. African grey parrots, king vultures and Andean condors are among the endangered bird species of equatorial regions. Gorilla and chimp trekking are highlights, but many smaller primates can be seen as well. The large shoebills can reach up to 4 feet in length and weigh between 4-6 kg. They measure 1.85-2.3 meters in length and up to 215 kg in weight. It is just 25 cm (9.8 in.) Now there are nearly 20,000. They are closely related to the Mountain Nyala, except they are much smaller, standing only 35 inches in height on average. Tourists travel from the furthest areas of the world to view the animals, making them a source of pride for the continent. Africa boasts of being home to some of the rarest species of animals. The hippo is found not only in major rivers such as the Zambezi, but also in areas where water sources are found, such as pans in Hwange National Park. It reaches speeds of 60 miles per hour in as little as three... 2. The various species lived 4.4 million to 1.4 million years ago, during the Pliocene and Pleistocene epochs. The Marine Big 5. Known only from a small area in northern Somalia, the plant was a surprising discovery in tropical Africa, as the genus Cyclamen is otherwise found only in the Mediterranean region. Wild animals are found in every region. Female model is 5' 10", Bust 34", Waist 24", Hip 34", wearing size XS. Guerezas live in small groups that contain 3-15 monkeys. The Indri or Babakoto is the largest living lemur which weigh up to 9.5 kg. Big on quality, and small on impact. The bull-like looking wildebeests are actually belonged to the family of antelopes. The third largest animal that you can find in Zimbabwe, and indeed Africa, is the hippopotamus. Okapi is the only remaining relative of giraffe in the world. In 1970 there were approximately 200,000 lions all over Africa. This bouncy, long-tailed rat can only be found in the sandhills of Santa Cruz, California. Shoebills are one of the species that likely to become endangered in near future. The multi-chambered stomach of guerezas has specialized bacterias which help these monkeys to digest a large amount of food. African continent support a rich wildlife across its deserts, savannas, huge valleys and forests. The most prominent feature of this amazing African bird is its crest of golden feathers. Unisex Fit - please refer to sizing conversion chart in image gallery Lemurs are one of the most intelligent animals in the world. They have very large ears which can be folded which give them an excellent sense of hearing. Kruger National Park hosts some of the known mammals like elephants, buffalos, rhinos, and cats. by Unlike most canid species, the African Wild Dog only has 4 toes. African rock python. The California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) gives California Residents the right to opt-out of the "sale" of their personal information. They live in large herds. There is, however, a threat to the existence of the animals. West African lion. Lemur is an amazing primate that found only the Island of Madagascar, in the East coast of Southern Africa. Model is 6'1", Chest 39, Waist 31, Inseam 29.5, wearing size M Model is 6'1", Waist 32, Inseam 29.5, wearing size M Model is 6'2", Chest 40, Waist 32, Inseam 29.5, wearing size M Model is 5'11.5", Chest 40, Waist 33, Inseam 29.5, wearing size M Model is 5'11.5", Chest 40, Waist 33, Inseam 29.5, wearing size M Model is... Model is Height: 5'8.5"", Waist: 29, Jacket: 38, wearing size M Model is 6'1" Waist 32, Inseam 32, wearing size M Model is 5'11.5", Chest 40, Waist 29, Inseam 31, wearing size M Model is 6'0", Waist 32, Inseam 32, Shirt 15, wearing size M Model is 6'1", Chest 34, Waist 29, Inseam 34, wearing size M Midweight 260gsm, Regular... Double-layered mask with space for a filter (filter not included) Double outer layer: 53% Hemp, 44% Recycled Polyester, 3% Elastane Inside lining: 70% Organic cotton, 30% Hemp Washable and reusable cloth face masks - wash cold hang to dry Each 3-pack will vary in color and style assortment Designed in Canada, ethically made in China All masks are pre-washed to... 97% Organic Cotton, 3% Elastane Unisex 6-Panel hat, adjustable snapback closure, curved brim, limited-edition embroidered line art graphic, from our Australia Collection Spot Clean Designed in Canada, ethically made in Vietnam Australia's struggle is far from over and we need your help to rebuild what was lost. At tentree, we've worked hard to implement tools to help you maintain your privacy. The term ‘Big Five’ is used to describe the power and strength of the animals. All Rights Reserved. From big cats to charismatic penguins, majestic elephants and speedy cheetahs, South Africa is home to a diverse range of wildlife. Lions, cheetahs, hyenas and wild dogs are main predators of wildebeests. The fossa is the only natural predator of lemur. But there are many other cool African animals you need to know about. Highly-rated, reusable face masks made from recycled and re-purposed materials. Also known as Bushman Rabbits or Bushman Hares, they are found in the Anysberg Nature Reserve , in the Western Cape. Light as a breeze, breathable, and made from... wood pulp?! Guerezas produce different types of calls to communicate with each other. Africa is home to the largest land animal (African elephant) and tallest animal (giraffe) in the world. The conservancy is located in northern Kenya, with over … Interesting Facts About Mandrill This combination has caused not only widespread endangerment of local fauna, but has forced humans to trudge deeper into the wilderness in search of the desired animal meat. Duck. By Letter (A-to-Z) ... Found in Europe, Africa and Asia! The large shoebills possess a maximum flap rate of 150 flaps per minutes, one of the slowest among the species of birds. Terms & Privacy. Leafcutters are a model of sustainable agriculture; these ants harvest only small pieces of a great variety of plants, ensuring that no one plant builds up defenses against the ants. Gelada Baboons. Shea Gunther. Interesting Facts About Wildebeest During migration, they travel between 600-1000 miles. Okapis can reach up to 8 feet in length and weigh between 180-310 kg. This nocturnal creature also has excellent night vision with large eyes. If you clear cookies or if your browser blocks cookies, your opt-out cookie may no longer be available. The Gerenuk Antelope. When you refer to large animals in Africa, however, you’re excluding the marine ones, which can grow even bigger (but which are lately even more vulnerable to extinction at human hands). The most direct answer regarding the survival of large animals in Africa is that its vast forested areas gave them ample areas to hide from man (until recent centuries). This cave-dwelling harvester spider was found in Croatian caves and has adapted to life in the dark. The plumage of grey crowned crane is mainly grey with pale-grey neck and black and white wings. They will only change partners if one of them dies. Your email address will not be published. The African Civet is the largest of its species and resides in sub-Saharan Africa. Okapis also have a very long tongue which can reach up to a length of 18 inches. South Africa has a truly spectacular flora: only Australia has more endemic families or genera and South Africa has over 13,000 vascular plant species found nowhere else (SAJS WM pdf file). The most direct answer regarding the survival of large animals in Africa is that its vast forested areas gave them ample areas to hide from man (until recent centuries).
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