It has been highlighted in reports that the key factors that affect the population increase of India are the fast increasing birth rate and decreasing death rates. It is recommended that they should adopt orphan children. The merits and drawbacks of controlling population growth can be recognized with reference to the very tangible reality of basic education development. More energy needs to be produced to power these factories. The recent increase in the birth rate has been the result largely of earlier and more nearly universal marriage, the virtual disappearance of childless and one-child families, and a voluntary choice of two, three, or four children by a vast majority of American couples. Geomorphology: Factors controlling landform development; endogenetic and exogenetic forces; Origin and evolution of the earth���s crust; Fundamentals of geomagnetism; Physical conditions of the earth���s interior; Geosynclines; Continental drift; Isostasy; Plate tectonics; Recent views on ��� Social outlook of the people should undergo a change. prediction intervals, and constant-fertility variant. The rates of population growth are not the same, of course, in all parts of the world. If agriculture and industry are correctly developed, huge number of people will get employment. In an expanding population of large families, construction effort must go into housing rather than into factories or power plants. Both at the international and national levels, income inequality increased. Due to increase in population, numerous factories are set up. Migration: Immigration to better developed countries due to several reasons like better job opportunities, war, and natural causes like hurricanes, earthquakes, and so forth. All rights reserved. This figure may rise if the population growth is uncontrolled. It must be noted that it is probably technically possible in every less-developed area to increase national output at rates even more rapid than the very rapid rates of population increase we have discussed, at least for a few years. Due to massive land and lack of contraception, the population is mounting at a rapid rate within these countries. In these countries—England, Wales, Scotland, Scandinavia, the Low Countries, Germany, Switzerland, Austria, and France—the birth rate went down because of the practice of contraception among married couples. The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, The Growth of World Population: Analysis of the Problems and Recommendations for Research and Training. Good standard of living is a deterrent to large family norm. According to the United Nations (UN) report the number of children born per woman in the country still lies in the range of 2.1-4. The National Population Policy, 1976 was completely different from the earlier policies. As a result, the trees that facilitate in reducing the air pollution through the process of photosynthesis are not able to do so. The population density of India in 1996 was about 287 persons per square kilometer. The kinds of mortality reduction that have actually occurred in the world have the effect, if fertility remains unchanged, of reducing rather than increasing the average age of the population. person now alive, or 100 people to each square foot. Such lack of knowledge about replenishing resources is leaving people out of options on the next step to take. It has been observed that people are given education, welfare, and proper sanitation. This is an increase of 1.34 % (16 979 590 people) compared to population of 1 269 976 802 the year before. DOES INDIA NEED MORE MISSILES OR MORE INDUSTRIES. World Population Projections 2019 What to study? The success of family planning mainly depends on women and their status. With population growth astounding at an alarming rate, waste is also accumulating in areas where children and old people are exposed of toxic waste. As it is well documented in literature that India is a country of diverse culture and people come from different family background therefore it is difficult to change the perception of people toward such norms like family planning. Since modernization of a nation involves extension of deliberate human control over an increasing range of the environment. The influence of population on the financial system is apparently straightforward. it is not surprising that people living in an economy undergoing industrialization should extend the notion of deliberate and rational control to the question of whether or not birth should result from their sexual activities. Context: World Population Prospects ��� This extreme rate is undoubtedly due to temporary factors and would stabilize at not more than three per cent. (The time span varies roughly from 75 to 150 years.). MCQs and Practice Questions for UPSC CSE Examination ... World Population Problems and Policies Social Well-Being and Quality of Life Population ��� The decline in French births began late in the 18th century and the downward courses of the birth and death rates during the 19th century were more or less parallel.) The crude birth rate is the number of births divided by the size of the population and multiplied by 1000. The reason at least slight increases in per capita income appear feasible is that the low-income countries can import industrial and agricultural technology as well as medical technology. The only important exception to this statement relates to Ireland, where the decline in the birth rate was brought about by an increase of several years in the age at marriage combined with an increase of 10 to 15 per cent in the proportion of people remaining single. Instead the resources keep decreasing, leading to making survival for a human being more and more competitive even for the basic necessities of life like food, clothing and shelter. Due to external migration, the population declined by 152 397.The sex ratio of the total population was 1.068 (1 068 males per 1 000 females) which is higher than global sex ratio. The size of the Latino population doubled between 1980 and 2000, and Latinos also accounted for 40% of the country's population growth. Also, cremated and partly cremated bodies are dumped into the river. John F. May, a Belgian national, is a Lead Demographer at the World Bank, and a specialist in population policies and programs.Prior to joining the World Bank in 1997, he worked on many population projects around the world for UNFPA, UNICEF, USAID, and the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population (IUSSP). Unfortunately, the resources do not increase in same manner as the population increases. The poor are left to live amongst waste that has accumulated from the explosion of the population and the wealth of the economy. Developed countries are visualizing increasing trends based on the monetary development. Many rivers and lakes are contaminated with organic and man-made waste. To be sure, the rate of increase cannot continue to grow much further. The death rate is the ratio between the number of deaths and individuals in a specified population and time (Miller, 253). The Growth of During 2015 India population is estimated to be increased by 17 206 607 people and reach 1 304 162 999 in the beginning of 2016. Since the same resources are shared by all members of the society, everybody is affected by development and many are underprivileged of their access to the same resources. There are several important differences between the circumstances in today’s less-developed areas and those in pre-industrial Europe. It must be taught that marriage should no longer be considered a social compulsory. Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Hi all, This post deals with analysis of approx 59 Map Based Questions asked in UPSC Prelims 2013 to 2019. Indian people also believe that cultural norms are for a girl to get married at an early age. In fact, in Islam, one of the leading religions of India, children are considered to be gifts of God, therefore there is no family planning which ultimately results in increase in population. Causes and consequences of migration; concepts of over-under-and optimum population; Population theories, world population problems and policies, Social well-being and quality of life; Population as social capital. They encompass a broad sense of concern that range from questions of design of appropriate intervention to lessen fertility, improve the health of mother and children, encourage better birth spacing, and reduce population growth (Sanderson, 1993). The population of the world, now somewhat in excess of three billion persons, is growing at about two per cent a year, or faster than at any other period in mans history. To account for the differences in population size, demographers often use the concept of crude birth and death rate. Generally in rural areas there is disguised joblessness. This law should be strongly implemented and people should also be made aware of this through promotion. There is a need to follow strict birth control measures such as China has adopted the strategy to decrease the birth rate. It guides you through the entire gambit of the IAS exam starting with notification, eligibility, syllabus, tips, quiz, notes and current affairs. Poverty is major cause of population increase in developing countries. These factories lead to various kinds of pollution, including water pollution. Organisational Structure 5. Mortality reduction produces this effect because the largest increases occur in the survival of infants, and, although the reduction in mortality increases the number of old persons, it increases the number of children even more. Enlarged fertility rates and migration can have significant effects on the general structure of populations. In most of the rural areas and in some urban areas as well, families choose to get their girls married at the age of 14 or 15. In such a case, educating women about family planning becomes an even more difficult task. Urbanisation should be encouraged. It will be helpful to orphan children and children to couples. Thomas Malthus was sensible philosopher who expected population to grow in time as long as there's food and shelter. The crude death rate in India in 1981 was roughly 12.5, and that decreased to approximately 8.7 in 1999. The National Population Policy (NPP) finally came into force in 2000. According to ABC News, India currently faces approximately "33 births a minute, 2,000 an hour, 48,000 a day, which calculates to nearly 12 million a year". In other words, to grow faster an economy must raise its level of net investment. Copyright © 2020 CivilServiceIndia.com | Website Development Company : Concern Infotech Pvt. Water is considered the core of life. Overloaded houses, slums and unhygienic localities, traffic jamming and crowded hospitals have become common aspects in the developing countries. One important characteristic is rapid growth, which is the immediate consequence of the large and often growing difference between birth and death rates; the other is the heavy burden of child dependency which results from a high birth rate whether death rates are high or low. Some of the programs have been triumphant, and the rate of increase has also reduced, but has still to reach the sustainable rate. However, due to fast growth of the population, many serious issues emerged like diseases and scarcity of resources. The low-income countries find it difficult to mobilize resources for these purposes for three reasons: The pressure to use all available resources for current consumption is great; rapid population growth adds very substantially to the investment targets that must be met to achieve any given rate of increase in material well-being; and the very high proportions of children that result from high fertility demand that a larger portion of national output must be used to support a very large number of non-earning dependents. Another economic measure for population control is the development of Agriculture and Industry. Population Crisis. The population of the world, now somewhat in excess of three billion persons, is growing at about two per cent a year, or faster than at any other period in man’s history. But there is a more immediate problem demanding solution in much less than two centuries: Is the current demographic situation in the less-developed countries impeding the process of modernization itself? Social Security is necessary for people. Additionally, the older women need to be educated so that they can teach the correct family planning to their own daughters. Although child marriage is unlawful in India, the culture and the society surrounding the girls in India does not allow them to resist such decisions taken by their family. International migration is a negligible factor in rates of growth today. The result of a precipitous decline in mortality while the birth rate remains essentially unchanged is, of course, a very rapid acceleration in population growth, reaching rates of three to three and one-half per cent. Such changes in attitude were doubtless a part of a whole set of profound social and economic changes that accompanied the industrialization and modernization of western Europe.
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